The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and bone that support your teeth. Plaque is a sticky film composed of food debris, bacteria and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen and bleeding gums.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.
Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and diseases such as diabetes, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, cardiovascular disease and increased risk during pregnancy. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE