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Periodontal Disease

The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and bone that support your teeth. Plaque is a sticky film composed of food debris, bacteria and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen and bleeding gums.

Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages.

Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and diseases such as diabetes, stroke, bacterial pneumonia, cardiovascular disease and increased risk during pregnancy. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE

  • Bleeding Gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
  • Loose Teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that connect the tooth to the bone).
  • New Spacing Between Teeth – Caused by bone loss.
  • Persistent Bad Breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
  • Pus Around the Teeth and Gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
  • Receding Gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
  • Red and Puffy Gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
  • Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque, calculus and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.
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